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Title: Interictal brain 99m Tc-HMPAO SPECT study in cases of epilepsy with single ring enhancing CT lesion.
Authors: Jha, S K
Dougall, P
Behari, M
Ahuja, G K
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2000
Citation: Jha SK, Dougall P, Behari M, Ahuja GK. Interictal brain 99m Tc-HMPAO SPECT study in cases of epilepsy with single ring enhancing CT lesion. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India. 2000 Apr; 48(4): 382-5
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Contrast enhancing single ring or disc lesion (CESRL), a frequent finding in the CT scan of Indian patients with seizures, has a diverse etiology. Underlying cause in many of these cases remains conjectural. Some of these ring lesions show spontaneous resolution without any specific treatment and in others their temporal profile remains unpredictable. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective study we studied 17 cases of epilepsy, with the CT scan finding of single contrast enhancing ring lesion. Detailed clinical evaluation and interictal EEG was performed. CT scan and SPECT study was done initially and were then repeated. RESULTS: On the second CT, one lesion disappeared and 2 reduced in size, three showed no change in size. Third CT showed complete disappearance in one case and no change in the second case. Initial SPECT study was abnormal in all 17 cases, showing areas of hypoperfusion corresponding to the anatomical location of ring lesion. On follow up, patients with decreased ring size on CT showed decrease in area of perfusion deficit on the SPECT, but cases in which the lesion disappeared on the CT, the SPECT perfusion abnormality continued to persist, though to a lesser extent. CONCLUSION: Persistence of perfusion defects suggest the presence of altered underlying physiology. Hence, early withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs after disappearance of ring lesion on CT may lead to seizure recurrence. SPECT studies repeated after 3 months may help to prognosticate cases with CESRL and also help in deciding the optimum duration of antiepileptic therapy in individual cases.
Appears in Collections:Journal of the Association of Physicians of India

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