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|Title:||The undescended testis.|
|Authors:||MacKinnon, A E|
|Citation:||MacKinnon AE. The undescended testis. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2005 May; 72(5): 429-32|
|Abstract:||Testicular development is determined by the influence of the SRY gene on the Y chromosome of the fetus. This influences the germ cells to produce testosterone and Mullerian inhibiting substance which control descent of the testis. Maldescent of the testis occurs in 0.8% of boys. Current best advice is to perform orchidopexy before the age of two years, therefore a programme for examination by skilled healthcare workers should be established in the first year of life. Indications for surgery include a possible beneficial effect on fertility, malignant potential particularly if intra-abdominal, torsion or trauma and social considerations. Hormonal treatment in the first three months of life is recommended by some. Laparoscopy is the optimum method for evaluating and managing the intra-abdominal testis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Pediatrics|
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