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Title: Measles outbreak in a Periurban area of Chandigarh: need for improving vaccine coverage and strengthening surveillance.
Authors: Thakur, J S
Ratho, R K
Bhatia, S P S
Grover, Raminder
Issaivanan, M
Ahmed, Bashir
Parmar, Veena
Swami, H M
Issue Date: 6-Jan-2002
Citation: Thakur JS, Ratho RK, Bhatia SP, Grover R, Issaivanan M, Ahmed B, Parmar V, Swami HM. Measles outbreak in a Periurban area of Chandigarh: need for improving vaccine coverage and strengthening surveillance. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2002 Jan; 69(1): 33-7
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: An outbreak of measles was investigated in the periurban areas of Chandigarh Union Territory, during the months of December 1998 to February 1999. Mainly the children below 15 years of age were affected. The children of migrant labourers belonging to the neighbouring states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar constituted the majority of population in the area under study. They belonged to lower socio economic status with low immunization coverage. METHODS: A total of 2968 houses were surveyed for epidemiological investigations in the areas of colony No. 5, Ramdarbar, Palsora and Pandit colony of Kajheri, covering a population of 14,601 and 7.3% (216/2968) of families were affected in the outbreak. RESULTS: Two hundred and eighty three cases of measles were reported with an attack rate of 4.5% and male to female ratio of (M:F) 5.3%:3.6%. Among the measles cases, 48.8% had received measles vaccination. The outbreak was investigated by detecting measles specific IgG/IgM antibodies either in acute or convalescent serum samples or both. Due to inadequate surveillance system and containment measures, the outbreak was in full swing during the winter months. Measles related complications were reported in 31.1% cases (i.e. diarrhoea in 15.2% and Pneumonia is 7.1%). CONCLUSION: Following smallpox and guinea worm eradication, WHO's next thrust, is on eradication of poliomyelitis and measles. Hence, strengthening of disease surveillance as well as vaccination policies are mandatory to achieve disease control in these areas.
Appears in Collections:Indian Journal of Pediatrics

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