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|Title:||Rapid assessment and delivery of Vitamin A to slum children by using National Immunization Day in Chandigarh.|
|Authors:||Swami, H M|
Thakur, J S
Bhatia, S P
|Citation:||Swami HM, Thakur JS, Bhatia SP, Ahuja R. Rapid assessment and delivery of Vitamin A to slum children by using National Immunization Day in Chandigarh. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2001 Aug; 68(8): 719-23|
|Abstract:||This study was done with the objective to see the feasibility of using National Immunization Days (NIDs) for rapid assessment, and delivery of Vitamin A solution to about 27,600 children dwelling in 26 slums in Union Territory of Chandigarh. The assessment of Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) was done in a stratified random sample of 1304 children during third round of Intensified Pulse Polio Immunization (IPPI) and delivery of Vitamin A solution was done during fourth round of IPPI in 1999-2000 covering 27,642 children in the age group of 1-5 years. An additional team of two persons per centre delivered age specific doses of Vitamin A solution through 72 centres and operational problems were recorded. IPPI staff provided supervision and same tally sheets as of IPPI were used. The prevalence rate of VAD was 24.6%, with conjunctival xerosis, bitot's spot and corneal xerosis as 23.7%, 0.6% and 0.2% respectively. 27,275 (98.7%) children out of 27,642 were administered Vitamin A solution, with no major operational problem. Only five parents (0.01%) refused Vitamin A solution. No case of side effect or toxicity due to Vitamin-A was reported. The strategy to assess and deliver Vitamin A during NID's was found to be feasible and successful and could be a basis for launching similar initiatives in other areas of India and other countries where VAD is a public health problem.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Pediatrics|
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