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|Title:||Early neonatal mortality in an intramural birth cohort at a tertiary care hospital.|
Bhat, B V
|Citation:||Ravikumara M, Bhat BV. Early neonatal mortality in an intramural birth cohort at a tertiary care hospital. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1996 Nov-Dec; 63(6): 785-9|
|Abstract:||Early neonatal mortality (ENM) occurring among 12,283 consecutive live births over a period of 3 years were analysed. The early neonatal mortality rate (ENMR) was 26.6/1000 live births. Birth weight less than 2,000 gm, lack of antenatal care, male sex, operative vaginal delivery, prematurity and multiple pregnancy were significantly associated with early neonatal deaths. Birth asphyxia was found to be the most important cause of death, followed by hyaline membrane disease and congenital malformations. Majority of the asphyxia related deaths were due to late intrapartum referral of the mothers. Forty-two per cent of early neonatal deaths occurred in babies weighing less than 1,500 gm. Early identification and referral of high risk mothers and health education would significantly reduce the early neonatal deaths.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Pediatrics|
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