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Title: Drug dependence in adolescents 1978-2003: a clinical-based observation from North India.
Authors: Saluja, Baljeet Singh
Grover, Sandeep
Irpati, Anand S
Mattoo, Surendra Kumar
Basu, Debasish
Issue Date: 29-May-2007
Citation: Saluja BS, Grover S, Irpati AS, Mattoo SK, Basu D. Drug dependence in adolescents 1978-2003: a clinical-based observation from North India. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2007 May; 74(5): 455-8
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To study the demographic and clinical profile of adolescent subjects (< or =18 yr) presenting to a state-funded drug de-addiction centre in north India. METHODS: Data on demographic and clinical features were extracted from available case notes of adolescent patients who presented to the centre during 1978-2003 (n=85). RESULTS: Many adolescents came from nuclear family (63.5%), of urban background (83.5%) and were school dropouts (54.1%). Mean age-at-first-use of the primary substance was 14.8 yr and mean age at first presentation was 17 yr. The commonest used primary class of substance was opioids (76.2%) and the commonest used opioid was heroin (36.5%). More than half of the subjects (54.2%) were also nicotine dependent at the time of presentation. The most common reason for starting the use of drugs was curiosity (78.8%). About one-fifth (21.2%) of the subjects indulged in high-risk behaviour such as having sexual intercourse with multiple sexual partners. Nearly half of the subjects had positive family history of either drug dependence (40.2%) or psychiatric disorder (5.5%). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the development of substance dependence in children and adolescents is a combination of familial and social vulnerability factors, including the drug culture of the social milieu.
Appears in Collections:Indian Journal of Pediatrics

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