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|Title:||Lessons learnt from Diarrheal Diseases Control Program and implications for the future.|
Bhan, M K
|Citation:||Dua T, Bahl R, Bhan MK. Lessons learnt from Diarrheal Diseases Control Program and implications for the future. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1999 Jan-Feb; 66(1): 55-61|
|Abstract:||The national Diarrheal Disease Control Program was launched with the aim of improving the knowledge and practice of appropriate case management among caretakers of young children as well as health care providers. The National Family Health Survey (1992-3) revealed that 42.7% of mothers knew about ORS packets and 25.9% had ever used them. ORS use rates in children who suffered from diarrhea during the previous two weeks varied from 8.3% in Rajasthan to 50.1% in West Bengal. These findings represent substantial accomplishment, and also are a reminder that we still have to reach more than half of the households. Further analysis of the NFHS data showed that exposure to electronic mass media had a significant impact on mothers' awareness about ORS packets (56% in exposed, 32% in unexposed) and ORT use rates (38% in exposed, 25% in unexposed). In this review, future strategies for increasing the impact of the program are discussed. These include involvement of licensed and unlicensed medical practitioners, greater use of the electronic mass media, ORS standardization, greater focus on poorly performing states and resolving residual issues in the case management of diarrhea in malnourished children and infants under 6 months of age.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Pediatrics|
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