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|Title:||Childhood cancer: improved prospects for survival but is prevention possible?|
|Authors:||Craft, A W|
|Citation:||Craft AW. Childhood cancer: improved prospects for survival but is prevention possible? Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1998 Nov-Dec; 65(6): 797-804|
|Abstract:||With optimum treatment 65-70% of children diagnosed with cancer should be long term survivors and probably cured. Prevention is better than cure. Recent studies into the causes of childhood malignancy are reviewed. The incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is steadily increasing. The cause for this may be increasing social and economic development. Exposure to electromagnetic fields has been a cause of concern for almost 20 years. A recent large case control study has shown no increased risk of cancer or leukaemia in those who have measurably increased exposure to electromagnetic fields. Leukaemia which has the cytogenetic abnormality 11q23 or MLL gene rearrangement characteristically occurs as a second malignancy after exposure to epipodophyllotoxins which act by inhibiting topoisomerase. Infant leukaemia has the same cytogenetic profile. Mothers of babies who develop infant leukaemia have high exposure to potential dietary inhibitors of topoisomerase during pregnancy. Clusters of leukaemia can probably best be accounted for by population mixing. There may be an increased risk of ALL following vitamin K given to newborns.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Pediatrics|
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