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Title: Parenteral nutrition in the management of severe protracted diarrhea.
Authors: Vaidya, U
Bhave, S
Pandit, A
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1993
Citation: Vaidya U, Bhave S, Pandit A. Parenteral nutrition in the management of severe protracted diarrhea. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1993 Jan-Feb; 60(1): 19-24
Abstract: Seventeen children aged 3 weeks to 19 months with severe Protracted Diarrhea (PD), and who were deteriorating on our standard management protocol (including special diets) were given Parenteral Nutrition (PN) for 4 to 19 days with crystalline aminoacid solution (Vamin N) in 10% dextrose and lipid emulsion (Intralipid 10%). Peripheral lines were used in majority (84%). Enteral feeds were started early and rebuilt as per tolerance. The mean daily protein and caloric intake achieved by hyperalimentation was 2.2 +/- 0.7 g/kg and 106 +/- 41 K cal/kg respectively. Diarrheal control and improvement in nutritional status was achieved in all but 4 who died (2 of refractory diarrhea and 2 of sepsis, 1 of which was probably PN related). Other PN related, treatable complications included thrombophlebitis (11.8%), sepsis (17.6%), and metabolic imbalance (17.6%). PN solutions and accessories alone cost an approximate average of Rs. 280/day, with extras for biochemical monitoring (Rs. 70/day) and special nursing (Rs. 200/day). Only 5 of the 13 survivors had a significant relapse of PD, within 5 to 80 days of discharge, necessitating further PN in 2. There were no further deaths. PN was therefore, found to be of life saving value in 13 of 17 children with severe protracted diarrhea and therefore, must be available in specialised units caring for such children.
Appears in Collections:Indian Journal of Pediatrics

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