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Title: Acute scrotum -- etiology and management.
Authors: Cavusoglu, Yusuf Hakan
Karaman, Ayse
Karaman, Ibrahim
Erdogan, Derya
Aslan, Mustafa Kemal
Varlikli, Onursal
Cakmak, Ozden
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2005
Citation: Cavusoglu YH, Karaman A, Karaman I, Erdogan D, Aslan MK, Varlikli O, Cakmak O. Acute scrotum -- etiology and management. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2005 Mar; 72(3): 201-3
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Acute scrotal pain is a common urological emergency. Urgent exploration is the standard means of management, since no investigation can confidently exclude torsion of testis from the differential diagnosis. METHODS: A review of all boys presenting with acute scrotal pain who underwent emergency scrotal exploration between January 1983 and March 2003 was performed. RESULTS : 195 boys were included in this study. They were divided into 3 groups: group 1-73 with epididymo-orchitis, group 2-63 with torsion of testicular appendages and group 3- 57 with spermatic cord torsion. The patients in group 2 were older than group 1, also patients in group 1 were older than group 3. During neonatal period the most common pathology was spermatic cord torsion, whereas in prepubertal period torsion of appendages was more common. In all boys, mean duration of pain at presentation was 2.11 days. Epididymo-orchitis was diagnosed in 37% of patients, with torsion of the appendages being the next most common entity. Testicular torsion was diagnosed in 29% of patients. In the group with testicular torsion salvage rate of testis was 37% because of late admission. The perioperative morbidity and mortality was not seen in any of the groups. CONCLUSION: We believe that any boy with acute scrotal pain and any suspicion of testicular torsion in physical examination must be applied routine surgical exploration.
Appears in Collections:Indian Journal of Pediatrics

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