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|Title:||Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus-2 in and around Amritsar.|
|Citation:||Arora U, Jindal N, Chopra S. Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus-2 in and around Amritsar. Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology. 2007 Oct; 50(4): 926-7|
|Abstract:||A total of 14555 serum samples collected between January, 2001 to April, 2006 were screened for HIV infection. Antibodies to HIV-1/ HIV-2 were present in 985 (6.76%) of which 964 (97.86%) and 2 (0.22%) were positive for HIV-1 and HIV-2 alone respectively and 19 (1.92 %) for both HIV-1 and HIV-2. Of the 21 in whom HIV-2 infection was detected (alone and dual), 19 (90.5%) were in the age group of 21-40 years and 2 were children below the age of 11 years. Predominantly mode of transmission in them was heterosexual (85.71%) while the 2 children (9.53%) had most probably got the infection through perinatal route. Nine (42.85%) were asymptomatic and 12 (57.15%) clinically presented with chronic diarrhoea (5), prolonged fever (4) and symptoms related to sexually transmitted diseases (3). Opportunistic infections like Oral candidiasis was observed in 3 and pulmonary tuberculosis in 2.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology|
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