Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://imsear.hellis.org/handle/123456789/72385
Title: Botulinum toxin in ophthalmic plastic surgery.
Authors: Naik, Milind N
Soparkar, Charles Ns
Murthy, R
Honavar, S G
Issue Date: 8-Dec-2005
Citation: Naik MN, Soparkar CN, Murthy R, Honavar SG. Botulinum toxin in ophthalmic plastic surgery. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2005 Dec; 53(4): 279-88
Abstract: Botulinum toxin chemodenervation has evolved greatly over the past 30 years since its introduction in the 1970s for the management of strabismus. Among ophthalmic plastic surgeons, botulinum toxins are often used as the first line treatment for facial dystonias. These toxins are also efficacious for the temporary management of various other conditions including keratopathies (through so called chemo-tarsorraphy), upper eyelid retraction, orbicularis overaction-induced lower eyelid entropion, gustatory epiphora, Frey's syndrome, and dynamic facial rhytids such as lateral canthal wrinkles (crow's feet), glabellar creases and horizontal forehead lines. This article describes the pharmacology, reconstitution techniques and common current applications of botulinum toxins in ophthalmic plastic surgery.
Description: 92 references.
URI: http://imsear.hellis.org/handle/123456789/72385
Appears in Collections:Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.