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|Title:||Comparison of clinical and microbiological profiles in smear-positive and smear-negative cases of suspected microbial keratitis.|
|Citation:||Sharma S, Taneja M, Gupta R, Upponi A, Gopinathan U, Nutheti R, Garg P. Comparison of clinical and microbiological profiles in smear-positive and smear-negative cases of suspected microbial keratitis. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan-Feb; 55(1): 21-5|
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: To examine the hypothesis that initial smear examination results have a significant bearing on the management and outcome of suspected microbial keratitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy consecutive patients with suspected microbial keratitis were included in a prospective nonrandomized comparative study and their detailed clinical and microbiological data (smears and cultures of corneal scrapings) were captured on a predesigned corneal ulcer database. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 included 68 patients with corneal scrapings negative in smears while Group 2 included 102 patients with corneal scrapings positive in smears. The two groups were compared for their clinico-microbiological profile, management and clinical outcome. The outcome was noted at three months. Fisher's exact test was applied for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Cultures were sterile in 57.3% of patients in Group 1 compared to 17.6% in Group 2. Scrapings that grew S. pneumoniae, gram-negative organisms, fungi and Acanthamoeba were more often positive in smears (18.6%, 11.8%, 19.6% and 2.9% respectively). While data on duration of prior treatment was not available, prior medication made no significant difference to smear results. More (79.3%) patients of Group 1 had small infiltrate size (CONCLUSIONS: Initial smear examination helps in instituting specific therapy thereby improving the outcome in cases of microbial keratitis. Positive smears indicate greater severity of disease and prior medication may not be a significant cause of smear negativity.|
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Ophthalmology|
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