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Title: Phenotypic and plasmid pattern analysis of Staphylococcus epidermidis in bacterial keratitis.
Authors: Nayak, Niranjan
Satpathy, Gita
Vajpayee, Rasik B
Mrudula, Srikantam
Issue Date: 27-Jan-2007
Citation: Nayak N, Satpathy G, Vajpayee RB, Mrudula S. Phenotypic and plasmid pattern analysis of Staphylococcus epidermidis in bacterial keratitis. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan-Feb; 55(1): 9-13
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus epidermidis, a commensal of the conjunctival sac has been incriminated as the commonest etiological agent of bacterial keratitis. However, the pathogenic potential of this commensal organism is not clearly known. AIM: To determine any phenotypic, molecular markers of S. epidermidis pathogenicity in bacterial keratitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 382 corneal ulcer isolates of S. epidermidis and 87 S. epidermidis isolates from healthy eyes (controls) were studied. Speciation, biotyping and antibiotic sensitivity testing were performed by conventional methods. Tube slime and adherence tests were carried out by recommended techniques. Plasmid analysis was conducted by a standard protocol. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Chi-square test was employed for calculations. RESULTS: Out of 382 corneal ulcer isolates (Pathogens) 284 (74.3%) belonged to biotypes I and II. Slime was detected in 164 (42.9%) of 382 pathogens vs. 21 (24.1%) of 87 controls (P<0.001). Sixty-five (39.6%) of 164 slime positive isolates were multidrug-resistant as compared to only 49 (22.4%) of 218 slime negative isolates (P<0.001). A significantly higher number i.e, 73.1% (120/164) of slime-producers possessed a 21 Kb plasmid in contrast to only 53.2% (116/218) of nonslime-producers (P<0.001). Presence of this plasmid had a statistical correlation of low significance with multidrug resistance (P=0.04). One hundred and seventy-two (45.0%) of 382 pathogens and 24 (27.6%) of the 87 controls were adherent to artificial surfaces (P=0.003) and the majority of the adherent organisms (99/172, 57.6%) were slime producers (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Slime was associated with multidrug resistance in corneal ulcer isolates of S. epidermidis. The 21 Kb plasmid could determine virulence as it was responsible for slime production and adherence.
Appears in Collections:Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

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