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|Title: ||Response to low-dose interferon in chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B virus infection.|
|Authors: ||Mazumder, D G|
|Issue Date: ||8-Jul-1998|
|Citation: ||Mazumder DG, Chaudhuri S, Konar A, Santra A, Pal B, Sarkar S. Response to low-dose interferon in chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B virus infection. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology. 1998 Jul-Sep; 17(3): 97-9|
|Type: ||Journal Article|
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
|Abstract: ||BACKGROUND: Interferon is at present the only effective therapy for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Data regarding its efficacy in India are scant. The present study was undertaken to assess the efficacy of low-dose interferon in chronic liver disease due to HBV infection.
METHODS: Twenty four patients with histologic evidence of chronic hepatitis with or without cirrhosis, and persistent elevation of serum aminotransferases and persistent positivity for HBsAg and HBeAg for more than six months, were included. Fourteen patients were treated with interferon alpha-2b, 3 million units thrice weekly for 16 weeks; ten patients who could not afford the drug were followed up as controls without specific therapy. Patients were examined weekly for the first 4 weeks, followed by two weekly for 12 weeks and then every two months. Blood tests for viral markers and liver biochemistry were done at 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 weeks and then at two-month intervals for at least one year after therapy. Patients who cleared HBeAg were followed up for 2.2 (1-4) years for HBsAg clearance.
RESULTS: HBeAg clearance occurred in 9 patients (64%) in the interferon group, and in one control patient (p < 0.01). HBsAg clearance occurred in only one patient in the treatment group during follow up of mean 2.4 years. No patient in the control group cleared HBsAg. Patients having high ALT level at the beginning of treatment had significantly higher HBeAg clearance rate (7 of 7) than patients with low ALT levels (2 of 7; p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Low-dose interferon therapy is effective in attaining HBeAg, but not HBsAg, clearance in chronic HBV infection.|
|Source URI: ||http://www.indianjgastro.com|
Alanine Transaminase --blood
Antiviral Agents --administration & dosage
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens --blood
Hepatitis B, Chronic --drug therapy
Interferon Alfa-2b --administration & dosage
|Appears in Collections:||Indian Journal of Gastroenterology|
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